How exactly to try to find documents of. Uk armed forces gallantry medals

  • Home
  • reddit
  • How exactly to try to find documents of. Uk armed forces gallantry medals

How exactly to try to find documents of. Uk armed forces gallantry medals

How do I see the records covered in this guide?

Just how many are online?

1. Why make use of this guide?

You want to find out whether a record of the award and why it was awarded exist, this guide will be of use if you know of an individual who received a British military medal or award for an act of bravery, gallantry or for meritorious service between 1854 and c1990 and. On the list of medals that are numerous prizes included in the guide will be the:

For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You can find split documents when it comes to honor of campaign medals (granted solely for service) – see our Army that is british campaign service medals guide for suggestions about finding these.

2. The records of gallantry medals and honors

2.1 Public notices

Virtually all gallantry honors to Uk nationals are publicly established within the government that is official, the London Gazette. This announcement that is public usually the only record that endures of an honor. Notices additionally showed up, where appropriate, within the colonial or dominion gazettes.

2.2 suggestions and citations

A recommendation is just a complete statement, frequently furnished by a commanding officer, of why a medal should always be granted to a person.

A citation is a quick formal statement, obtained from the suggestion, of why a medal ended up being granted.

Whether accurate documentation of the citation or perhaps a suggestion survives depends, largely, regarding the form of prize. Sporadically citations are posted into the London Gazette although not constantly during the exact same date as the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record associated with person.

2.3 Registers

For a few medals you can find registers and lists of recipients covering a war that is specific 12 months or number of years.

3. How to locate documents

Find out locations to search for documents of a medal that is particular consulting the dining table below. Listed here basic advice will additionally help you to get started:

3.1 on the web records

In some instances, to see documents it is important to find document recommendations and either order copies or check us out to look at the initial papers in individual. The next documents, but, can be seen or downloaded online.

3.2 fundamental search methods for finding documents that are original

You need to use our catalogue to find records. Re Search using the title of the medal with the search that is advanced target the documents of this particular record divisions for every branch associated with armed forces, as follows.

3.3 Public notices and posted citations

More often than not, the place that is best to start out could be the London Gazette, available regarding the Gazette web site, though for several medals a citation had not been posted (begin to see the dining table below for medal-by-medal details). You can easily search the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book date and kind of prize. You shall have to know approximately once the prize ended up being announced or ‘gazetted’. There is constantly a wait involving the gallant deed, the real prize of the medal, and book into the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered at The National Archives can help establish a night out together.

3.4 suggestions, registers and unpublished citations

Check always posted sources, like those into the further reading portion of this guide, prior to starting a look for documents of guidelines or citations while they may possibly provide precise document sources and extra information. The dining dining table below provides links towards the record series many expected to include all about specific awards.

3.5 dining dining Table of record sources for gallantry medals

Go through the London Gazette links to look the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book date and kind of honor. Click the document show sources and search by title of medal. The online documents can be searched by title of receiver.

Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, maybe maybe maybe not name. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom could possibly provide you with the file reference.

Be aware that medals released because of the British Army are not granted exclusively to British Army soldiers – they are often granted to workers from the other services that are armed. Through the 2nd World War, as an example, some people of the Royal Air Force received British Army honors. The exact same will additionally apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, in order that, for instance, a true amount of airmen for the Fleet Air Arm, a branch for the Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.

4. International honors to Britons and British honors to servicemen that are foreign females (from 1854)

4.1 Notices

These prizes are generally announced into the London Gazette beneath the heading ‘Foreign Orders’.

For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. Some of those pre-publication notices are annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes totally free).

4.2 Guidelines

Military honors exchanged between Uk and armies that are foreign 1946 onwards are searchable by title and prize within the tips (WO 373) on the web. These could consist of those be2 perhaps maybe perhaps not showing up within the London Gazette.

4.3 Listings

You’ll find some listings of international Awards within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Discover files containing these listings utilising the Foreign workplace communication indexes during the National Archives. It really is believed why these listings aren’t comprehensive.

5. Regulations and policy files (from 1854)

Generally speaking, you can easily search our catalogue because of the name that is medal its abbreviation to see if you can find any policy files. There are lots of series that is specific document the regulations governing the prize of medals.

For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 code 85, ADM 116 rule 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.

6. The design and make of medals (1805-1986)

Sales for gallantry medals (especially into the nineteenth century) could be followed by information on recipients and of the action that resulted in the honor. Decide to try series MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Re Search our catalogue with key term such as for instance ‘awards’ or ‘decorations’.

7. Replacing and medals that are claiming

Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign as well as other medals granted after 1939. Medals granted before 1939 can no more be changed.

8. Further reading and other resources

Online learning resources

The Ministry of Defence’s british forces that are armed booklet, offered by GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service when you look at the Uk armed forces, combined with a picture for every medal.

Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced into the Gazette for the World that is first War 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.


Look at the National Archives’ bookshop for a variety of available magazines about british gallantry that is military. Every one of the publications here are for sale in The nationwide Archives’ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.

Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry prizes (London, 1981)

Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of Foreign honors (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)

William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)

Previous Post
Newer Post

Leave A Comment